Fitness training involves exercises designed to improve the body’s strength, agility, balance and flexibility. There are many different types of exercise, and a good fitness trainer will help design a program that meets the goals and physical ability of each client. Many certified personal trainers also have a specialization, such as bodybuilding, youth fitness, senior fitness or weight loss.
Aerobic activities increase the heart rate and breathing, strengthening the lungs, circulatory system and muscles. These include walking, jogging, swimming and biking. Strength, or resistance, exercises build muscle and help with bone health. This includes lifting weights, using a resistance band and doing balance exercises like standing on one leg. Flexibility exercises, such as tai chi and yoga, stretch the muscles and improve range of motion.
The best way to develop muscle strength is for the muscle to contract as hard as it can at any given time, or maximum voluntary contraction (MVC). In strength training, this is measured as a percentage of your max repetitions over time, or XRM. Increasing your XRM is a key goal of any strength-training program.
Strength training should be performed several days per week, targeting each of the major muscle groups. It is important to take a day off in between each session to allow the muscles to recover, and to switch up your routine to keep things interesting. For example, if you have been working your back and biceps, try switching to working your chest and shoulders one day, and then switching to lower body the next.
If you are working with a fitness trainer, they will help ensure that you are following the correct form for each exercise, and that you are doing it correctly. This is especially important for beginners, as bad technique can lead to injury and even more pain.
Most people who exercise are not consistent with their workouts. Those who have made an appointment with a personal trainer are far more likely to stick with their plan, as they will not want to let down their trainer, and they know they will be held accountable for missing their session. A good fitness trainer will also ask you about your week and check in on how you are getting on with your plans. They will be happy to answer any questions you might have, and they can give you tips on keeping motivated, as well.
A good fitness trainer will also help you understand the differences between the various types of exercises, and how they all work together to achieve your goals. They will explain the purpose of each exercise, and why it is important to your fitness. They will also teach you how to perform each exercise safely and effectively. This helps you avoid injuries and get the most out of each exercise. For instance, they may teach you how to use a rowing machine properly, and they will make sure that you are not pushing yourself too hard.