Diet — the food and drink a person regularly consumes — can influence your risk for developing diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes and cancer. It can also affect your mood, how you look and how energetic you feel. A healthy diet includes a variety of foods and drinks, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, low-fat dairy and nuts. It also limits sugary drinks, salty foods and saturated or trans fats.
The term ‘diet’ is used in many different ways, from the general notion of how much we eat to specific plans for weight loss or management of chronic diseases such as diabetes. However, a healthy eating pattern is key to overall good health and wellbeing.
No single food can provide all the nutrients we need, so our diets must contain a range of foods. These include carbohydrates (starches such as potatoes, bread, rice and pasta), sugars, oils and fats, proteins (from meat, fish, eggs, dairy products and beans) and vitamins and minerals.
Eating healthily doesn’t have to be restrictive or boring, and it can be tailored to suit individual preferences and dietary needs. Making small changes to your diet can help, such as replacing unhealthy fats with unsaturated or polyunsaturated oils, limiting added sugar and avoiding high-salt foods. It is also important to get enough fluids each day, ideally through drinking water or unsweetened tea and coffee. The majority of your calories should come from carbohydrates, followed by fats and proteins. Kost