The Different Fire Suppression Systems

One of the most effective ways to deal with a fire incident is to have a Fire Suppression System installed within your building. These systems basically comprises both fire detection and fire protection instruments which help in dealing with both the before-and-after effects of a fire. There are various types of suppression systems available and you can choose any one or a combination of multiple systems to keep your business and employees safe in times of a fire. These systems include:

1. Fire Alarms: Extremely reliable instruments that raise an alarm in case of a fire. They even use state-of the-art technology to detect fires. As soon as a fire is detected by the built in (or in some cases, a separate) fire detector, an alarm goes off as a warning to evacuate the building.

2. Gaseous Suppression Systems: Consist of a wide variety of tools to suppress a fire. The two broad categories are Chemical suppression systems and Inert Gas suppression systems.

a) Chemical Fire Suppression: They extinguish fires primarily through the use of chemical agents like FM200 and NOVEC 1230. These chemicals extinguish a fire by absorbing the heat so that the temperature falls and the flame can no longer survive, which extinguishes the fire. This method of suppression is safe to use in most areas and circumstances.

b) Inert Gaseous Fire Suppression: Inert gases such as Nitrogen, Argon, Inergen, Argonite and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) are used to reduce the oxygen levels in a room to below 15% so that a fire cannot survive. They maintain optimum oxygen levels for humans and animals to survive but not enough for the flame to spread.

3.Water Sprinkler Systems: Also known as Water Mist systems, they can be used where gas suppression systems aren’t appropriate. They are two types of Water Mist Systems:

a)High Pressure Water Mist Systems (HPWM): consist of high pressure pumps, storage tanks and pressurized nitrogen cylinders to release water using small bore pipe work and high pressure discharge nozzles. They use a minimal amount of water but are more expensive.

b)Low Pressure Water Mist Systems (LPWM): consist of pumps and storage tanks, which use more water at a lower pressure than HPWM systems. Copper or specialist pipe work can be used for this type of fire suppression system.

4. Emergency Lighting Systems: These are bright emergency lights which can be installed anywhere in the building. They are generally used to point towards emergency exits for assistance in case of evacuation and allow for a fast get-away. Emergency lights are also used in lifts and other places which should be avoided in case of a fire.

These are the basics of an effective Fire Suppression System. Suppression systems are generally governed by the codes of the NFPA and can be used in most places following the regulations of the same. They have now become a necessity to several industries as they help detect fires, control damage and loss to equipment and human lives.

Aspect Fire Solutions is one of the UK’s leading specialists in fire suppression and detection systems. With over 60 years combined experience in fire suppression, a strong nationwide presence plus a network of qualified and experienced fire suppression engineers, we deliver practical, cost-effective solutions to your fire suppression and protection needs. Fire Fighting Water Pump






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