There are treatments that can help clear your acne and prevent new spots and scars from forming. The treatment you need depends on the type of acne you have and how severe it is. Treatments are more effective when used together than when used alone.
Acne develops when pores become clogged with excess oil and dead skin cells. If a pore closes up, you will see a tiny bump that looks white or flesh colored and may have a black dot in the center (these are called comedones). When a pore becomes clogged and stays open, it turns into a pus-filled pimple. These are called papules. These blemishes are red and painful, and they cause skin inflammation.
The most common treatment for acne is a topical medicine applied to the skin. The medicine reduces the bacteria that cause your acne and decreases the swelling, redness and irritation. Your doctor may also prescribe antibiotics to treat your acne or a powerful prescription medicine called isotretinoin (eye-soh-treet-eh-tino-in).
Other treatment options include over-the-counter cleansers that contain benzoyl peroxide or adapalene, which unclogs pores and targets inflammation. You can use acne-fighting serums that contain azelaic acid, mandelic acid and vitamin C, which speed up cellular turnover and help unclog pores. Avoid using greasy moisturizers and sunscreens, which can worsen acne. Wash your face two to three times a day with lukewarm water and a gentle cleanser. If you have sensitive skin, try a gentle cleanser or cleansing wipes that are labeled “noncomedogenic.” Resist the temptation to scrub your skin; this can make acne worse. acne treatment